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A table of characters and conversion values for display


Character entity references for ISO 8859-1 characters

  &#160 nbsp no-break space = non-breaking space U+00A0 ISOnum
¡ &#161 iexcl inverted exclamation mark U+00A1 ISOnum
¢ &#162 cent cent sign U+00A2 ISOnum
£ &#163 pound pound sign U+00A3 ISOnum
¤ &#164 curren currency sign U+00A4 ISOnum
¥ &#165 yen yen sign = yuan sign U+00A5 ISOnum
¦ &#166 brvbar broken bar = broken vertical bar U+00A6 ISOnum
§ &#167 sect section sign U+00A7 ISOnum
¨ &#168 uml diaeresis = spacing diaeresis U+00A8 ISOdia
© &#169 copy copyright sign U+00A9 ISOnum
ª &#170 ordf feminine ordinal indicator U+00AA ISOnum
« &#171 laquo left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet U+00AB ISOnum
¬ &#172 not not sign U+00AC ISOnum
­ &#173 shy soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen U+00AD ISOnum
® &#174 reg registered sign = registered trade mark sign U+00AE ISOnum
¯ &#175 macr macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar U+00AF ISOdia
° &#176 deg degree sign U+00B0 ISOnum
± &#177 plusmn plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign U+00B1 ISOnum
² &#178 sup2 superscript two = superscript digit two = squared U+00B2 ISOnum
³ &#179 sup3 superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed U+00B3 ISOnum
´ &#180 acute acute accent = spacing acute U+00B4 ISOdia
µ &#181 micro micro sign U+00B5 ISOnum
&#182 para pilcrow sign = paragraph sign U+00B6 ISOnum
· &#183 middot middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot U+00B7 ISOnum
¸ &#184 cedil cedilla = spacing cedilla U+00B8 ISOdia
¹ &#185 sup1 superscript one = superscript digit one U+00B9 ISOnum
º &#186 ordm masculine ordinal indicator U+00BA ISOnum
» &#187 raquo right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet U+00BB ISOnum
¼ &#188 frac14 vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter U+00BC ISOnum
½ &#189 frac12 vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half U+00BD ISOnum
¾ &#190 frac34 vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters U+00BE ISOnum
¿ &#191 iquest inverted question mark = turned question mark U+00BF ISOnum
À &#192 Agrave latin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A grave U+00C0 ISOlat1
Á &#193 Aacute latin capital letter A with acute U+00C1 ISOlat1
 &#194 Acirc latin capital letter A with circumflex U+00C2 ISOlat1
à &#195 Atilde latin capital letter A with tilde U+00C3 ISOlat1
Ä &#196 Auml latin capital letter A with diaeresis U+00C4 ISOlat1
Å &#197 Aring latin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ring U+00C5 ISOlat1
Æ &#198 AElig latin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AE U+00C6 ISOlat1
Ç &#199 Ccedil latin capital letter C with cedilla U+00C7 ISOlat1
È &#200 Egrave latin capital letter E with grave U+00C8 ISOlat1
É &#201 Eacute latin capital letter E with acute U+00C9 ISOlat1
Ê &#202 Ecirc latin capital letter E with circumflex U+00CA ISOlat1
Ë &#203 Euml latin capital letter E with diaeresis U+00CB ISOlat1
Ì &#204 Igrave latin capital letter I with grave U+00CC ISOlat1
Í &#205 Iacute latin capital letter I with acute U+00CD ISOlat1
Î &#206 Icirc latin capital letter I with circumflex U+00CE ISOlat1
Ï &#207 Iuml latin capital letter I with diaeresis U+00CF ISOlat1
Ð &#208 ETH latin capital letter ETH U+00D0 ISOlat1
Ñ &#209 Ntilde latin capital letter N with tilde U+00D1 ISOlat1
Ò &#210 Ograve latin capital letter O with grave U+00D2 ISOlat1
Ó &#211 Oacute latin capital letter O with acute U+00D3 ISOlat1
Ô &#212 Ocirc latin capital letter O with circumflex U+00D4 ISOlat1
Õ &#213 Otilde latin capital letter O with tilde U+00D5 ISOlat1
Ö &#214 Ouml latin capital letter O with diaeresis U+00D6 ISOlat1
× &#215 times multiplication sign U+00D7 ISOnum
Ø &#216 Oslash latin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slash U+00D8 ISOlat1
Ù &#217 Ugrave latin capital letter U with grave U+00D9 ISOlat1
Ú &#218 Uacute latin capital letter U with acute U+00DA ISOlat1
Û &#219 Ucirc latin capital letter U with circumflex U+00DB ISOlat1
Ü &#220 Uuml latin capital letter U with diaeresis U+00DC ISOlat1
Ý &#221 Yacute latin capital letter Y with acute U+00DD ISOlat1
Þ &#222 THORN latin capital letter THORN U+00DE ISOlat1
ß &#223 szlig latin small letter sharp s = ess-zed U+00DF ISOlat1
à &#224 agrave latin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a grave U+00E0 ISOlat1
á &#225 aacute latin small letter a with acute U+00E1 ISOlat1
â &#226 acirc latin small letter a with circumflex U+00E2 ISOlat1
ã &#227 atilde latin small letter a with tilde U+00E3 ISOlat1
ä &#228 auml latin small letter a with diaeresis U+00E4 ISOlat1
å &#229 aring latin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ring U+00E5 ISOlat1
æ &#230 aelig latin small letter ae = latin small ligature ae U+00E6 ISOlat1
ç &#231 ccedil latin small letter c with cedilla U+00E7 ISOlat1
è &#232 egrave latin small letter e with grave U+00E8 ISOlat1
é &#233 eacute latin small letter e with acute U+00E9 ISOlat1
ê &#234 ecirc latin small letter e with circumflex U+00EA ISOlat1
ë &#235 euml latin small letter e with diaeresis U+00EB ISOlat1
ì &#236 igrave latin small letter i with grave U+00EC ISOlat1
í &#237 iacute latin small letter i with acute U+00ED ISOlat1
î &#238 icirc latin small letter i with circumflex U+00EE ISOlat1
ï &#239 iuml latin small letter i with diaeresis U+00EF ISOlat1
ð &#240 eth latin small letter eth U+00F0 ISOlat1
ñ &#241 ntilde latin small letter n with tilde U+00F1 ISOlat1
ò &#242 ograve latin small letter o with grave U+00F2 ISOlat1
ó &#243 oacute latin small letter o with acute U+00F3 ISOlat1
ô &#244 ocirc latin small letter o with circumflex U+00F4 ISOlat1
õ &#245 otilde latin small letter o with tilde U+00F5 ISOlat1
ö &#246 ouml latin small letter o with diaeresis U+00F6 ISOlat1
÷ &#247 divide division sign U+00F7 ISOnum
ø &#248 oslash latin small letter o with stroke = latin small letter o slash U+00F8 ISOlat1
ù &#249 ugrave latin small letter u with grave U+00F9 ISOlat1
ú &#250 uacute latin small letter u with acute U+00FA ISOlat1
û &#251 ucirc latin small letter u with circumflex U+00FB ISOlat1
ü &#252 uuml latin small letter u with diaeresis U+00FC ISOlat1
ý &#253 yacute latin small letter y with acute U+00FD ISOlat1
þ &#254 thorn latin small letter thorn U+00FE ISOlat1
ÿ &#255 yuml latin small letter y with diaeresis U+00FF ISOlat1

Character entity references for symbols, mathematical symbols, and Greek letters

Latin Extended-B
ƒ &#402 fnof latin small f with hook = function = florin U+0192 ISOtech
Α &#913 Alpha greek capital letter alpha U+0391 ISOgrk3
Β &#914 Beta greek capital letter beta U+0392 ISOgrk3
Γ &#915 Gamma greek capital letter gamma U+0393 ISOgrk3
Δ &#916 Delta greek capital letter delta U+0394 ISOgrk3
Ε &#917 Epsilon greek capital letter epsilon U+0395 ISOgrk3
Ζ &#918 Zeta greek capital letter zeta U+0396 ISOgrk3
Η &#919 Eta greek capital letter eta U+0397 ISOgrk3
Θ &#920 Theta greek capital letter theta U+0398 ISOgrk3
Ι &#921 Iota greek capital letter iota U+0399 ISOgrk3
Κ &#922 Kappa greek capital letter kappa U+039A ISOgrk3
Λ &#923 Lambda greek capital letter lambda U+039B ISOgrk3
Μ &#924 Mu greek capital letter mu U+039C ISOgrk3
Ν &#925 Nu greek capital letter nu U+039D ISOgrk3
Ξ &#926 Xi greek capital letter xi U+039E ISOgrk3
Ο &#927 Omicron greek capital letter omicron U+039F ISOgrk3
Π &#928 Pi greek capital letter pi U+03A0 ISOgrk3
Ρ &#929 Rho greek capital letter rho U+03A1 ISOgrk3
_there is no Sigmaf, and no U+03A2 character either_
Σ &#931 Sigma greek capital letter sigma U+03A3 ISOgrk3
Τ &#932 Tau greek capital letter tau U+03A4 ISOgrk3
Υ &#933 Upsilon greek capital letter upsilon U+03A5 ISOgrk3
Φ &#934 Phi greek capital letter phi U+03A6 ISOgrk3
Χ &#935 Chi greek capital letter chi U+03A7 ISOgrk3
Ψ &#936 Psi greek capital letter psi U+03A8 ISOgrk3
Ω &#937 Omega greek capital letter omega U+03A9 ISOgrk3
α &#945 alpha greek small letter alpha U+03B1 ISOgrk3
β &#946 beta greek small letter beta U+03B2 ISOgrk3
γ &#947 gamma greek small letter gamma U+03B3 ISOgrk3
δ &#948 delta greek small letter delta U+03B4 ISOgrk3
ε &#949 epsilon greek small letter epsilon U+03B5 ISOgrk3
ζ &#950 zeta greek small letter zeta U+03B6 ISOgrk3
η &#951 eta greek small letter eta U+03B7 ISOgrk3
θ &#952 theta greek small letter theta U+03B8 ISOgrk3
ι &#953 iota greek small letter iota U+03B9 ISOgrk3
κ &#954 kappa greek small letter kappa U+03BA ISOgrk3
λ &#955 lambda greek small letter lambda U+03BB ISOgrk3
μ &#956 mu greek small letter mu U+03BC ISOgrk3
ν &#957 nu greek small letter nu U+03BD ISOgrk3
ξ &#958 xi greek small letter xi U+03BE ISOgrk3
ο &#959 omicron greek small letter omicron U+03BF ISOgrk3
π &#960 pi greek small letter pi U+03C0 ISOgrk3
ρ &#961 rho greek small letter rho U+03C1 ISOgrk3
ς &#962 sigmaf greek small letter final sigma U+03C2 ISOgrk3
σ &#963 sigma greek small letter sigma U+03C3 ISOgrk3
τ &#964 tau greek small letter tau U+03C4 ISOgrk3
υ &#965 upsilon greek small letter upsilon U+03C5 ISOgrk3
φ &#966 phi greek small letter phi U+03C6 ISOgrk3
χ &#967 chi greek small letter chi U+03C7 ISOgrk3
ψ &#968 psi greek small letter psi U+03C8 ISOgrk3
ω &#969 omega greek small letter omega U+03C9 ISOgrk3
ϑ &#977 thetasym greek small letter theta symbol U+03D1 ISOgrk3
ϒ &#978 upsih greek upsilon with hook symbol U+03D2 ISOgrk3
ϖ &#982 piv greek pi symbol U+03D6 ISOgrk3
General Punctuation
&#8226 bull bullet = black small circle U+2022 ISOpub
_bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator U+2219_
&#8230 hellip horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader U+2026 ISOpub
&#8242 prime prime = minutes = feet U+2032 ISOtech
&#8243 Prime double prime = seconds = inches U+2033 ISOtech
&#8254 oline overline = spacing overscore U+203E NEW
&#8260 frasl fraction slash U+2044NEW
Letterlike Symbols
&#8472 weierp script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p U+2118 ISOamso
&#8465 image blackletter capital I = imaginary part U+2111 ISOamso
&#8476 real blackletter capital R = real part symbol U+211C ISOamso
&#8482 trade trade mark sign U+2122 ISOnum
&#8501 alefsym alef symbol = first transfinite cardinal U+2135 NEW
_alef symbol is NOT the same as hebrew letter alef, U+05D0 although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters_
&#8592 larr leftwards arrow U+2190 ISOnum
&#8593 uarr upwards arrow U+2191 ISOnum
&#8594 rarr rightwards arrow U+2192 ISOnum
&#8595 darr downwards arrow U+2193 ISOnum
&#8596 harr left right arrow U+2194 ISOamsa
&#8629 crarr downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return U+21B5 NEW
&#8656 lArr leftwards double arrow U+21D0 ISOtech
_ISO 10646 does not say that lArr is the same as the 'is implied by' arrow but also does not have any other character for that function. So ? lArr can be used for 'is implied by' as ISOtech suggests_
&#8657 uArr upwards double arrow U+21D1 ISOamsa
&#8658 rArr rightwards double arrow U+21D2 ISOtech
_ISO 10646 does not say this is the 'implies' character but does not have another character with this function so? rArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests_
&#8659 dArr downwards double arrow U+21D3 ISOamsa
&#8660 hArr left right double arrow U+21D4 ISOamsa
Mathematical Operators
&#8704 forall for all U+2200 ISOtech
&#8706 part partial differential U+2202 ISOtech
&#8707 exist there exists U+2203 ISOtech
&#8709 empty empty set = null set = diameter U+2205 ISOamso
&#8711 nabla nabla = backward difference U+2207 ISOtech
&#8712 isin element of U+2208 ISOtech
&#8713 notin not an element of U+2209 ISOtech
&#8715 ni contains as member U+220B ISOtech
&#8719 prod n-ary product = product sign U+220F ISOamsb
_prod is NOT the same character as U+03A0 ‘greek capital letter pi' though the same glyph might be used for both_
&#8721 sum n-ary sumation U+2211 ISOamsb
_sum is NOT the same character as U+03A3 'greek capital letter sigma' though the same glyph might be used for both_
&#8722 minus minus sign U+2212 ISOtech
&#8727 lowast asterisk operator U+2217 ISOtech
&#8730 radic square root = radical sign U+221A ISOtech
&#8733 prop proportional to U+221D ISOtech
&#8734 infin infinity U+221E ISOtech
&#8736 ang angle U+2220 ISOamso
&#8743 and logical and = wedge U+2227 ISOtech
&#8744 or logical or = vee U+2228 ISOtech
&#8745 cap intersection = cap U+2229 ISOtech
&#8746 cup union = cup U+222A ISOtech
&#8747 int integral U+222B ISOtech
&#8756 there4 therefore U+2234 ISOtech
&#8764 sim tilde operator = varies with = similar to U+223C ISOtech
_tilde operator is NOT the same character as the tilde, U+007E, although the same glyph might be used to represent both_
&#8773 cong approximately equal to U+2245 ISOtech
&#8776 asymp almost equal to = asymptotic to\ U+2248 ISOamsr
&#8800 ne not equal to U+2260 ISOtech
&#8801 equiv identical to U+2261 ISOtech
&#8804 le less-than or equal to U+2264 ISOtech
&#8805 ge greater-than or equal to U+2265 ISOtech
&#8834 sub subset of U+2282 ISOtech
&#8835 sup superset of U+2283 ISOtech
_note that nsup, 'not a superset of, U+2283' is not covered by the Symbol font encoding and is not included. Should it be for symmetry? It is in ISOamsn_
&#8836 nsub not a subset of U+2284 ISOamsn
&#8838 sube subset of or equal to U+2286 ISOtech
&#8839 supe superset of or equal to U+2287 ISOtech
&#8853 oplus circled plus = direct sum U+2295 ISOamsb
&#8855 otimes circled times = vector product U+2297 ISOamsb
&#8869 perp up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular U+22A5 ISOtech
&#8901 sdot dot operator U+22C5 ISOamsb
_dot operator is NOT the same character as U+00B7 middle dot_
Miscellaneous Technical
&#8968 lceil left ceiling = apl upstile U+2308 ISOamsc
&#8969 rceil right ceiling U+2309 ISOamsc
&#8970 lfloor left floor = apl downstile U+230A ISOamsc
&#8971 rfloor right floor U+230B ISOamsc
&#9001 lang left-pointing angle bracket = bra U+2329 ISOtech
_lang is NOT the same character as U+003C 'less than' or U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation mark'_
&#9002 rang right-pointing angle bracket = ket U+232A ISOtech
_rang is NOT the same character as U+003E 'greater than' or U+203A 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark'_
Geometric Shapes
&#9674 loz lozenge U+25CA ISOpub
Miscellaneous Symbols
&#9824 spades black spade suit U+2660 ISOpub
&#9827 clubs black club suit = shamrock U+2663 ISOpub
&#9829 hearts black heart suit = valentine U+2665 ISOpub
&#9830 diams black diamond suit U+2666 ISOpub
_black here seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow_

Character entity references for markup-significant and internationalization characters

C0 Controls and Basic Latin
" &#34 quot quotation mark = APL quote U+0022 ISOnum
& &#38 amp ampersand U+0026 ISOnum
< &#60 lt less-than sign U+003C ISOnum
> &#62 gt greater-than sign U+003E ISOnum
Latin Extended-A
Π&#338 OElig latin capital ligature OE U+0152 ISOlat2
œ &#339 oelig latin small ligature oe U+0153 ISOlat2
_ligature is a misnomer, this is a separate character in some languages_
Š &#352 Scaron latin capital letter S with caron U+0160 ISOlat2
š &#353 scaron latin small letter s with caron U+0161 ISOlat2
Ÿ &#376 Yuml latin capital letter Y with diaeresis U+0178 ISOlat2
Spacing Modifier Letters
ˆ &#710 circ modifier letter circumflex accent U+02C6 ISOpub
˜ &#732 tilde small tilde U+02DC ISOdia
General Punctuation
&#8194 ensp en space U+2002 ISOpub
&#8195 emsp em space U+2003 ISOpub
&#8201 thinsp thin space U+2009 ISOpub
&#8204 zwnj zero width non-joiner U+200C NEW RFC 2070
&#8205 zwj zero width joiner U+200D NEW RFC 2070
&#8206 lrm left-to-right mark U+200E NEW RFC 2070
&#8207 rlm right-to-left mark U+200F NEW RFC 2070
&#8211 ndash en dash U+2013 ISOpub
&#8212 mdash em dash U+2014 ISOpub
&#8216 lsquo left single quotation mark U+2018 ISOnum
&#8217 rsquo right single quotation mark U+2019 ISOnum
&#8218 sbquo single low-9 quotation mark U+201A NEW
&#8220 ldquo left double quotation mark U+201C ISOnum
&#8221 rdquo right double quotation mark U+201D ISOnum
&#8222 bdquo double low-9 quotation mark U+201E NEW
&#8224 dagger dagger U+2020 ISOpub
&#8225 Dagger double dagger U+2021 ISOpub
&#8240 permil per mille sign U+2030 ISOtech
&#8249 lsaquo single left-pointing angle quotation mark U+2039 ISO proposed
_lsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized_
&#8250 rsaquo single right-pointing angle quotation mark U+203A ISO proposed
_rsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized_
&#8364 euro euro sign U+20AC NEW

Version: 2   Revised: 2013-03-26 13:32:08 Last Updated by: Rename Show Links to Topic